6 Node.js Best Practices for keeping NodeJS Apps Secure
In this article, we will discuss some of the best practices for keeping Node.js applications secure. We will cover topics such as secure coding practices, password storage, and handling sensitive data. By following these guidelines, you can help ensure that your Node.js application is as secure as possible.
So, let’s begin with best practices one by one!
There are several best practices that are important to implement, but we have a list of primary nodejs security best practices to use in every nodejs project:
- Constant tracking & Monitoring
- Implement strong authentication
- Layering Components
- Avoid errors that reveal too much
- Separate Express ‘app’ and ‘server’
- Implementation of Access Control
Let’s discuss about each of them in detail.
One best practice for keeping Node.js applications secure is to constantly track and monitor the application. This includes monitoring for security vulnerabilities, monitoring for suspicious activity, and monitoring for potential performance issues.
There are several tools and strategies that can help with this:
- Use a security scanner: There are several security scanners that can be used to scan your Node.js application for known vulnerabilities.
- Use a logging tool: A logging tool can help you track activity within your Node.js application. By logging all requests and responses, you can spot unusual or suspicious activity and take appropriate action.
- Monitor performance: It’s important to monitor the performance of your Node.js application to ensure that it is running smoothly.
- Use an error tracking tool: An error tracking tool can help you identify and fix errors in your Node.js application.
By constantly tracking and monitoring your Node.js application, you can identify and fix any potential issues before they become serious problems.
Implementing strong authentication is another important best practice for keeping Node.js applications secure. Strong authentication involves using a combination of methods to verify the identity of a user. This can include using passwords, two-factor authentication, and biometric authentication.
One can use OAuth, Okta, etc., for strong authentication of your Nodejs app. Here are some tips for implementing strong authentication in your Node.js application:
Use secure passwords: Encourage users to choose strong, unique passwords that are difficult to guess. You can also use a password manager to help users generate and store secure passwords.
Use two-factor authentication: Two-factor authentication (2FA) involves requiring users to provide an additional form of authentication, such as a code sent to their phone, in order to log in. This provides an extra layer of security and makes it harder for attackers to gain access to accounts.
By implementing strong authentication, you can help protect your Node.js application and keep user data safe.
Layering components is a best practice that can help improve the security of a Node.js application. Layering involves separating different components or functionality of the application into distinct layers. This can help to reduce the attack surface of the application and make it more difficult for attackers to access sensitive data or functionality.
Here are some examples of how layering can be implemented in a Node.js application:
- Separate the front-end and back-end: One common way to layer a Node.js application is to separate the front-end (what the user sees and interacts with) and the back-end (where data is stored and processed). This can help to prevent attackers from gaining access to the back-end of the application through the front-end.
- Use a microservices architecture: A microservices architecture involves breaking up a large application into smaller, independent services that communicate with each other through APIs. This can help to isolate different functionality and make it easier to secure each service individually.
By layering your Node.js application, you can help to reduce the attack surface and make it more difficult for attackers to access sensitive data or functionality.
It’s important to avoid errors that reveal too much information in a Node.js application. This is because errors can sometimes provide attackers with information about the inner workings of the application, which they can use to find vulnerabilities or launch attacks.
To avoid errors that reveal too much information, follow these best practices:
Use generic error messages: Instead of providing specific details about an error, use a generic error message that does not reveal any sensitive information. For example, instead of saying “Invalid username or password,” you could simply say “Invalid login credentials.”
Avoid showing stack traces: Stack traces can provide attackers with detailed information about the code and structure of your application. To prevent this, consider turning off stack traces in production environments.
Monitor for error messages: Use a logging tool or error tracking tool to monitor for error messages in your application. This can help you identify and fix errors before they become serious issues.
By avoiding errors that reveal too much information, you can help to protect your Node.js application and keep it secure.
A common mistake that developers do in nodejs projects is defining the entire express app proces on one huge file. Rather than doing this, developers should separate ‘express’ definition in at least two separate files. One for API declaration like app.js and another for network concerns. One can also locate API declarations within different components.
Implementing access control is a best practice for keeping Node.js applications secure. Access control involves limiting access to certain resources or functionality based on user permissions or roles. This can help to prevent unauthorized users from accessing sensitive data or functionality, and can also help to prevent malicious users from causing harm to the application.
There are several strategies for implementing access control in a Node.js application:
- Use role-based access control: Role-based access control (RBAC) involves assigning users to different roles and granting or denying access to certain resources or functionality based on their role.
- Use attribute-based access control: Attribute-based access control (ABAC) involves evaluating user attributes, such as their location or job title, to determine whether they should be granted access to a resource.
- Use access control lists: An access control list (ACL) is a list of permissions that defines which users or groups are allowed to access which resources.
- Use token-based authentication: Token-based authentication involves using a token, such as a JSON Web Token (JWT), to verify a user’s identity and grant them access to certain resources.
By implementing access control in your Node.js application, you can help to ensure that only authorized users have access to sensitive data or functionality.
After implementing these 6 node.js best practices, the chances of inaccuracies occurring in your node project decreases up to null. Avoiding these practices may invite security loopholes.
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Nimisha Kapadia is the Technical head of Smarsh Infotech – an emerging Mobile app development company that offers mobile app development, web app development, dedicated developers, and software testing service at a competitive price. Her bold leadership and foresight have taken the company to great heights. She loves to read and share her insights on the tech industry.